Skilled Migration Visa
General Skilled Migration is also called GSM. There is a range of visa options for those skilled workers who want to live in Australia permanently. These include options for skilled people applying as an independent migrant as well as those sponsored by a relative or nominated by a State or Territory government.
Visa options included:
- Skilled Independent (Subclass 189)
- Skilled – Nominated (Subclass 190)
- Skilled – Nominated or Sponsored (Provisional) (Subclass 489)
In general, basic requirements are:
- be invited to apply
- 45-year-old or younger
- nominate an occupation that matches your skills and qualifications and is on the relevant skilled occupation list
- have a valid skill assessment
- have at least competent English
- score at least 65 on the points test
- meet the health and character requirements.
How can you be invited to apply for a GSM visa？
GSM visas are point-tested visas. In other words, The Australian immigration authority will award you points against your circumstances and invite you to apply for a visa if meet the pass-mark. Australia employs an automatic system called SkillSelect for this task. SkillSelect involves a few critical checkpoints – Express of Interest (EOI), database, ranking, occupation ceiling, and invitation.
Express of Interest (EOI)
From July 2012, if you would like to migrate to Australia using your skills, you are required to inform the Australia immigration authority that you would like to obtain a permanent visa with your skill by providing information including your personal particulars, education background and working experience.
Database and Ranking
Once the database has gathered the information you have provided, the database will screen your data and award you points against various criteria. If your point test achieves the pass mark, ie the current pass mark is 60 points, your EOI will be put on the ranking. EOI with higher points will be ranked higher. For two EOI scoring same points, the EOI lodger earlier will be ranked higher.
Based on a particular round of invitation, the invitation will be given out to the EOI in accordance with the ranking. For example, if the Australian immigration authority plans to issue 1000 invitations in a particular round, the first 1000 EOI on the ranking will receive an invitation to apply for a visa.
However, if the quota of a particular occupation is achieved, EOI with that occupation will not receive an invitation and the invitation will be given to the EOI on the next rank. The EOI with that particular occupation will have to wait until the coming July when the quota starts again.
If you have been invited, you have 60 days to lodge a visa application. If you decide not to lodge a visa application, you may wait for the second invitation.
If you are not invited to apply for a visa, your EOI will remain valid in the database for two years since the submission. In other words, you will have to submit another EOI after two years.